中英对照:德国专家读《习近平谈治国理政(第三卷)》:扩大开放 中国在行动


德国专家读《习近平谈治国理政(第三卷)》:扩大开放 中国在行动

German expert on third volume of 'Xi Jinping: The Governance of China': On the road to expanding opening up


Dr. Michael Borchmann, former director general of the International Affairs Department in Hesse State, Germany, and senior advisor to the China International Investment Promotion Agency (Germany). The opinion of the author does not necessarily reflect the position of our website.


The third volume of "Xi Jinping: The Governance of China" repeatedly emphasizes China's commitment to further opening up. The third China International Import Expo (CIIE) showed China's efforts in expanding opening up once again.


"This year's expo was held at a special time," President Xi Jinping said in a keynote speech via video at the opening ceremony of the third CIIE on Nov. 4. "COVID-19, which caught us all by surprise, has hit countries hard and dealt a heavy blow to the world economy."

"As scheduled and confident in the containment protocols that have been put in place, China is hosting this global trade event," he said, adding that the expo "demonstrates China's sincere desire to share its market opportunities with the world and contribute to global economic recovery."


The difficulties in hosting such a major event at this moment are self-evident. After all, the vast majority of countries around the world, especially the ones with large economies and trade activities, are still caught up in the pandemic. The exhibition and convention industry also suffered a huge setback due to the pandemic this year in a sad way. This dire situation is also seen in my hometown Frankfurt, which is well known for its trade fairs. 

今年五月, 有关进博会的好消息传遍了国际会展业。在新冠肺炎疫情冲击国际贸易背景下,中国商务部副部长、中国国际进口博览会组委会办公室主任王炳南在第三届进博会集体签约仪式上表示,第三届中国国际进口博览会将于今年11月在上海举办。当日50余家企业分别完成签约。由于疫情的巨大影响,世界经济面临坎坷的一年, 进博会对于许多跨国公司来说是一个绝好的信息。

In May, the good news about the CIIE spread across the international convention and exhibition sector. At a signing ceremony, CIIE Bureau Director and China's Vice Minister of Commerce Wang Bingnan announced that, despite the risks and uncertainties incurred by the COVID-19 outbreak, the CIIE would take place in Shanghai in November as scheduled. Also at the ceremony, more than 50 companies confirmed their participation in the expo. For many multinational companies that were hit hard by the pandemic in a year of global economic gloom, the message was really encouraging.


To have a full picture of the CIIE, it is worth a look at its history. The CIIE became a buzzword on May 14, 2017. In a keynote speech at the Belt ant Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing on that day, Xi said China would endeavor to build win-win business partnership with other countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative, enhance trade and investment facilitation with them, and build a Belt and Road free trade network. He announced that China would hold the CIIE starting from 2018. 


China attached importance to the event from the outset, as evidenced in numerous activities held before the first CIIE in 2018. At a countdown ceremony on Nov. 5, 2017, to mark one year until the first CIIE, China's Minister of Trade Zhong Shan described the event as China's major initiative to proactively widen market access to the rest of the world.


In particular, the importance of the CIIE was underlined by the fact that President Xi Jinping attended the event for two years in a row in 2018 and 2019. At the opening ceremony of 2018's CIIE, Xi sent a key message that hosting the event was an important decision made by China to pursue a new round of high-level opening-up, and it was China's major initiative to widen market access to the rest of the world. At a time of growing unilateralism and protectionism, it was important to send out a clear signal of advocating for free trade and multilateralism. The CIIE proved to be a big success. Attending the first CIIE were 172 countries, regions, and international organizations, as well as more than 3,600 companies. President Xi not only delivered a keynote speech at the opening ceremony, but also visited pavilions and booths along with other foreign leaders. 


The second CIIE bore even more fruits than the first, with the value of intended deals produced at the event increasing over 20%. It attracted 181 countries, regions, and international organizations, more than 3,800 exhibitors, and more than 500,000 Chinese and foreign buyers who explored business deals. 

President Xi reaffirmed that the concept of the CIIE was an embodiment of globalization, saying, "The Yangtze, the Nile, the Amazon and the Danube — they all surge forward in relentless flow. Nothing can stop their mighty movement, not the current of undertows or hidden shoals or rocks beneath the water."

"We need to 'join hands' with each other instead of 'letting go' of each other's hands," he said. "We need to 'tear down walls,' not to 'erect walls.'"


Against the historic background and in view of the current pandemic situation, the third CIIE was a shot in the arm. This year's expo had an exhibition area of 360,000 square meters, 60,000 square meters larger than a year ago. It featured six exhibition areas: food and agricultural products, automobiles, consumer goods, medical equipment and healthcare products, and trade in services. As always, the organizers prepared carefully for the event. Especially in regards to pandemic prevention and control, they formulated a master plan and put containment protocols in place to ensure the safety of participants. 


The international community spoke highly of the third CIIE. The following are just a few examples.

法国驻华大使罗梁(Laurent Bili)指出,参与的法国知名公司数量持续增长。在谈到中国经济和市场的发展时,他强调,中国经济在新冠肺炎疫情后迅速复苏,这对中国、欧盟和法国都是好消息。

Laurent Bili, French ambassador to China, said the number of famous French firms participating in the CIIE continued to increase. Speaking of the Chinese economy and the Chinese market, he said the Chinese economy has recovered quickly from the fallout of COVID-19, which is a good news for China, the EU, and France. 

意中商会(CICC)秘书长马可•贝廷(Marco Bettin)敦促意大利企业参加进博会,并强调,面对疫情大流行,中国经济复苏“目前已经达到了令人难以置信的水平”。

Marco Bettin, secretary-general of the China-Italy Chamber of Commerce, urged Italian companies to participate and stressed that China's economic recovery has "reached an incredible level at the moment" amid the COVID-19 pandemic. 

宝马中国区首席执行官高乐(Jochen Goller)最近在一次采访中表示:“由于疫情大流行,今年的进博会尤为重要。中国是世界主要经济体中第一个成功战胜疫情的国家。因此,我们在中国的业务也在迅速恢复。”

"This year's expo was of particular importance because of the pandemic. China was the first major economy to successfully contain the virus," Jochen Goller, president and CEO of BMW Region China, said in a recent interview. "Thanks to this, our business in China is also recovering quickly."


Gu Qingyang, an associate professor at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore, noted that as global supply chains were disrupted and protectionism rose amid the pandemic, the third CIIE gave hope and confidence to the world's economy.